Sunday, November 18, 2018

How Your Digestive System Works

Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in men living in the United States, with an estimated 180,890 new cases and 26,120 deaths from prostate cancer in 2016. (1) Those are scary numbers, and besides cancer, there are a number of other prostate health problems that can become an issue as men age. Benign prostatic hyperplasia is said to affect 90 percent of men at the age of 70, and prostatitis is the most common reason for men under the age of 50 to see a urologist. Clearly, prostate health is an important issue, and education is one of the best ways to stay healthy.
With diet and lifestyle changes, you can reduce the risk of developing prostate health issues. And if you’re already dealing with some of these problems, there are herbs and supplements that can help you to reduce inflammation, fight prostate enlargement and inhibit the growth of cancer cells.
What Is the Prostate?

The prostate is a gland in the male reproductive system that’s about the size of a chestnut. It surrounds the part of the urethra (the tube that empties the bladder) just below the bladder and above the muscles of the pelvic floor.

The most important function of the prostate is the production of a fluid that makes up semen when combined with sperm cells from the testicles and fluids from other glands. The other fluids that make up semen include those from the seminal vesicle (located above the prostate) and the bulbourethral gland (located behind and to the side of the urethra). All of these fluids come together in the urethra and allow for the proper functioning of the sperm cells, which are responsible for fertility in men. (2)

The muscles of the prostate also play an important role in reproduction, ensuring that the semen is forcefully pressed into the urethra and expelled outward during ejaculation. In order to prevent semen from entering the bladder during ejaculation, the prostate and the bladder’s sphincter muscle close the urethra up to the bladder.

Another very important function of the prostate is hormone metabolism. It’s in the prostate that the male sex hormone testosterone is transformed into a biologically active form called dihydrotestosterone (DHT). DHT is an androgen hormone that plays a role in puberty and helps men develop their adult male characteristics.
Common Prostate Health Problems

Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer has become a major public health problem worldwide. This form of cancer is when malignant, cancer cells form in the tissues of the prostate. Signs of prostate cancer include a weak flow of urine or frequent urination; pain or burning while urinating; blood in the urine or semen; ongoing pain in the pelvis, back or hips; fatigue; dizziness; and shortness or breath.

The risk of developing prostate cancer increases with age. Other risk factors include family history and race. The study of age-specific incidence curves reveals that prostate cancer risk begins to rise sharply after age 55 and peaks at age 70–74, declining slightly thereafter. Autopsy studies even show that prostate cancer has a long induction period and many men begin to have lesions in their 20s and 30s. The risk of prostate cancer is approximately 60 percent higher in African-Americans than in Caucasians, with the mortality rate in African-Americans being double that of caucasians. And studies conducted as far back as the 1950s determined that having a brother or father with prostate cancer increases the risk for an individual by approximately two- to threefold, on average. (3)

In the United States, the risk of dying from prostate cancer began to decline measurably in 1994, when statistics were first kept, and the mortality rate has continued to decline at an average annual rate of about 2 percent to 3 percent. A major contributor to this decline is the prostate specific antigen screening, also known as the PSA test, which involves measuring chemicals in the blood.

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

Benign prostatic hyperplasia is when the prostate gland becomes inflamed or enlarged as men get older. When this happens, the prostate compresses the urethra, making it difficult to urinate, putting you at risk of a bladder infection or bladder stones. Hyperplasia refers to the added cell growth that begins in younger men and then slows and continues throughout life. BPH is caused by a variety of circumstances, including hormonal changes (such as excess estrogen), deteriorating blood vessels and zinc deficiency.

According to research published in Reviews in Urology, BPH develops as a strictly age-related phenomenon in nearly all men, starting at approximately 40 years old. When reviewing autopsy studies from around the world, it appears that approximately 10 percent of men in their 30s, 20 percent of men in their 40s, 50 percent to 60 percent of men in their 60s, and 80 percent to 90 percent of men in theirs 70s and 80s have some features of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Many men with BPH never see a doctor for this condition and never need any treatment. It’s when the condition is associated with other symptoms that patients typically seek treatment — the most common issue being lower urinary tract symptoms, such as pain when urinating and a frequent need to urinate. (4)


Prostatitis is a significant health problem with prevalence rates of 11 percent to 16 percent. More than 2 million consultations for prostatitis are required every year in the United States, the most common reason for men under the age of 50 to consult a urologist, and it generates more physician visits than BPH or prostate cancer in the United States. (5)

Prostatitis is inflammation or infection of the prostate gland that often results in swelling and pain. It may also lead to urination problems, sexual dysfunction and general health problems, such as feeling tired and depressed. Unlike most other prostate health problems, prostatitis occurs more often in young and middle-aged men.

There are three types of prostatitis: nonbacterial prostatitis (the most common type), bacterial prostatitis and prostatodynia. Nonbacterial prostatitis may be caused by stress and irregular sexual activity. Bacterial prostatitis can be the result of bacteria, a virus or even a sexually transmitted disease. Prostatodynia, also known as chronic prostatitis, may be bacterial or the result of an inflamed prostate, and it often results in ongoing pelvic pain.

Prostate health facts - Dr. Axe

Best Natural Remedies for Prostate Health

1. Diet and Lifestyle Changes

Consume the following foods and supplements and make the following lifestyle changes to help maintain optimal prostate health.


Tomatoes (especially when cooked) provide lycopene, which is critical for prostate health. Research shows that high consumption of cooked tomatoes, thanks to tomato nutrition providing lycopene and other antioxidants, may play a modest role in the prevention of prostate cancer. (6)

Wild-Caught Fish

Omega-3 foods, like wild-caught fish, reduce inflammation of the prostate. A systematic review published in Integrative Cancer Therapies indicates that researchers have found an association between higher intake of fish and decreased risk of prostate cancer-related death. (7)

Green Tea

Green tea is the No. 1 beverage for anti-aging because it contains the highest level of antioxidants. It helps promote detoxification and prostate health. Detoxification can help to treat or relieve the symptoms of prostatitis.

A study conducted at the Research Center for Cancer Prevention and Screening in Japan involved 49,920 men aged 40–69 who completed a questionnaire that included their green tea consumption habit for four years. The data showed that green tea consumption was associated with a dose-dependent decrease in the risk of advanced prostate cancer. The men with the lowest risk of developing prostate cancer were drinking five cups of green tea a day. (8)

Pumpkin Seeds

Pumpkin seeds and pumpkin seed oil aid prostate health thanks to their high content of carotenoids and liposoluble vitamins. Pumpkin seeds contain zinc, which acts as a diuretic to help empty the bladder, and they reduce inflammation. This can be helpful with dealing with an enlarged prostate that causes issues with urination. (9)

Avoid High Consumption of Meat and Dairy

According to research conducted in Sweden, high consumption of dairy products and meat has been linked to a greater risk of prostate cancer. Research shows that men with higher calcium intakes had a 4.6-fold increase in prostate cancer risk compared to men with low total calcium intake. This may be due to high calcium intake suppressing levels of vitamin D, which has exhibited anticancer properties. (10)

Studies of red meat intake are relatively consistent in showing risk ratios of 1.5 to 2.0 when comparing the highest to lowest categories of intake. This may be due to the effects of meat on hormone profiles and the possible carcinogenic effects of the compounds generated when cooking meat at high temperatures.

Physical Activity

A review conducted at Stanford University states that of all studies performed between 1976 and 2002, 16 out of 27 studies reported reduced risk of prostate cancer in men who were most active. Furthermore, in nine of those 16 studies, the reduction in risk was statistically significant. The average risk reduction ranged from 10 percent to 30 percent. Researchers believe that it’s the ability of exercise to modulate hormone levels, prevent obesity, enhance immune function and reduce oxidative stress that explains the protective benefits of exercise. (11)

2. Supplements

Vitamin E

Vitamin E plays a role as an antioxidant in the body. Research published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute indicates that there was a 32 percent decrease in the incidence of prostate cancer among participants receiving 50 milligrams of vitamin E for five to eight years. (12)

Vitamin D

According to research conducted at Boston University School of Medicine, the association between either decreased sun exposure or vitamin D deficiency and the increased risk of prostate cancer at an earlier age, and with a more aggressive progression, indicates that adequate vitamin D nutrition should be a priority for men of all ages. (13)


There are a number of selenium benefits, including its ability to increase immunity, reduce the risk of cancer and increase longevity. A study conducted at the University of Arizona evaluated the effects of selenium supplementation for skin cancer prevention, and while the effects turned out to be limited, 200 micrograms of selenium a day led to a 67 percent reduction in prostate cancer. (14)


Lycopene is a powerful antioxidant that gives fruits and vegetables their red color. It’s most strongly activated by cooking tomatoes, but the lycopene in supplements is about as easy for the body to use as the lycopene found in food. A systematic review and meta-analysis conducted in 2015 indicates that higher lycopene consumption or circulating concentration is associated with a lower risk of prostate cancer. (15)


An important zinc benefit is the role it plays in prostate health. Infection, stress and diet influence zinc levels, which are greatly reduced in those with prostate problems.

In a 2011 study published in the Indian Journal of Urology, researchers found that in prostate cancer cases, the mean tissue zinc was decreased by 83 percent as compared to normal tissue, and in BPH cases, there was a 61 percent decrease in mean tissue zinc as compared to normal tissues. Similar values were present in plasma zinc and urine zinc data, suggesting that both prostate cancer and BPH may be associated with zinc deficiency. (16)

Fish Oil

Fish oil is known to reduce inflammation, and inflammation may lead to prostatitis and prostate cancer. A 2013 study involving 2,268 men aged 67–96 years old found that men consuming fish oil in later life had a lower risk of advanced prostate cancer. (17)

Saw Palmetto

Saw palmetto can improve symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostatitis, which is why it’s one of the most commonly consumed supplements by men with prostate health issues. A 2009 study published in Nutrition Research and Practice found that saw palmetto (along with pumpkin seed oil) is clinically safe and may be effective as complementary and alternative medicine for the treatment of BPH. (18)

Stinging Nettle

Stinging nettle has anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor and antiviral effects. It also boosts immunity and relieves symptoms of BPH due to the compounds it contains, such as phytosterols, lignans and polysaccharides.

According to research published in the Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal, in three clinical trials on BPH patients, nettle had a better impact in reducing patients’ clinical symptoms than the placebo. Researchers recommend nettle to be used in the treatment of BPH because of its beneficial effects in reducing symptoms and its safety in terms o f its side effects. (19)

3. Essential Oils


Rosemary oil is a powerful antioxidant, and it’s believed that the molecular mechanisms of carnosic acid and carnosol may inhibit prostate cancer. Research suggests that rosemary’s polyphenols target multiple signaling pathways involved in cell cycle modulation and apoptosis (cell death). (20) High-quality, pure rosemary oil can be taken internally for six weeks at a time, or it can be applied topically to the area right below the genitals twice daily. Because it’s a powerful oil, dilute it with equal parts carrier oil before applying it to the skin.


Frankincense oil is well-known for its ability to reduce pain and inhibit the spread of cancer. Research shows that frankincense reduces inflammation, which can be especially beneficial when suffering from prostatitis, and has the ability to suppress cancer cell viability. (21) Use frankincense topically by applying it to the area right below the genitals, or use it internally by placing two drops on the roof of mouth for six weeks at a time.


Myrrh oil is known to have anticancer and antibacterial benefits. It also can be used to relax the muscles, which can be helpful when dealing with an enlarged prostate.

A study published in Oncology Letters investigated the potential anticancer activities of myrrh oil and found that certain cancer cell lines showed increased sensitivity to both myrrh and frankincense oil. (22) Myrrh can be applied topically to the area below the genitals twice daily.
Precautions with Prostate Health

Before seeking any form of alternative medicine, especially for the treatment of cancer, be sure to first consult your health care provider. Your doctor or practitioner will guide your treatment regimen using the most effective forms of therapy, but voice your concern about the side effects of conventional treatment and desire to try natural forms of therapy.

Some alternative therapies may be harmful when used with medications, which is another reason to consult your doctor before beginning any herbal treatment.

The Western diet and lifestyle are linked to a growing number of digestive diseases. The health of your digestive system has a lot to do with lifestyle, for it’s determined by the food you eat, the amount of exercise you get and your stress level throughout the day.

By better understanding the digestive system process and learning some helpful tips, you can not only boost the health of your digestive system, but you can naturally help yourself to overcome many digestive issues.
What Is the Digestive System? How Does It Work & Affect Health?

What are the four types of digestive systems? The four basic types of digestive systems in animals are monogastric, avian, ruminant and pseudo-ruminant. The human digestive system is monogastric. A basic mongastric digestive system definition: a simple single-chambered stomach rather than a more complex multi-chambered stomach.

The digestive system is one of 11 major human body systems. The digestive system is a group of organs that work together to convert food into energy and basic nutrients that feed the entire body; it’s the foundation of good health. This amazing system includes a combination of nerves, hormones, bacteria, blood and the organs of the digestive system that work together to complete the intricate task of digesting the foods and liquids that we consume every day.

What is the job of the digestive system? What is the process of digestion? The digestive system interacts with all other body systems — this includes the nervous, endocrine and immune systems. Did you know that digestion actually begins in the brain? The hypothalamus, which is involved in metabolic processes, stimulates appetite. When you eat, your brain decides how you will digest that food – it will respond with stress or ease, depending on the health of your organs and your state of mind.

How long does it take for your body to digest food? The time frame can vary from person to person, but typically it takes around six to eight hours for the food you eat to pass through your stomach and small intestine to the large intestine (colon). Some studies have shown that this transit time tends to be shorter for men and longer for women. (1)

There are a number of factors at play in the digestive system. We have digestive juices that contain enzymes that speed up the chemical reactions in the body and break down food into nutrients. There are also cells in the lining of the stomach and small intestine; these cells produce and release hormones that stimulate digestive juices and regulate our appetite.

We also have nerves that control the digestive system. They connect our digestive system organs to the brain and spinal cord as well as release chemicals that stimulate relaxing or contracting muscles. We have nerves within the GI tract that are triggered when there is food present, and this allows our digestive system to work properly.
Role of Digestive Organs

What are the body parts involved in the digestive system? If you look at a digestive system diagram, you’ll see that there are a lot of key parts. Let’s take a look at the digestive system organs and functions:
Role of organs in digestive system
Mouth – The simple act of chewing breaks food into pieces that are more easily digested, and saliva mixes with the food to begin the process of breaking it down into a form that our body can absorb and use. When you swallow, your food pushes into the esophagus, the muscular tube that carries food and liquids from the mouth to the stomach. Once swallowing begins, it becomes involuntary and proceeds under the control of the esophagus and brain. (2)

Spleen – The spleen is a brown, flat, oval-shaped lymphatic organ that filters and stores blood to protect the body from infections and blood loss. The spleen is in charge of cleaning impurities from the blood, destroying old red blood cells and storing blood in case of emergency, such as an injury.

Stomach – The stomach acts as a storage tank for food so the body has time to digest large meals properly. This central organ not only holds the food, it also works as a mixer and grinder. The stomach contains hydrochloric acid and digestive enzymes that continue the digestion of food that began in the mouth.

Enzymes and acids mix with the food that has already begun to break down in the mouth and esophagus, and it turns into a liquid called “chyme.” The word “chyme” comes from the Greek meaning of juice; it’s a semi-fluid mass that is expelled by the stomach and sent to the intestines during digestion. In the stomach, hydrochloric acid destroys harmful bacteria and alters enzymes to begin digesting protein. (3)

Hydrochloric acid is a clear, colorless and highly pungent solution of hydrogen chloride in water. It’s a corrosive mineral acid that serves as a digestive fluid and breaks down unwanted bacteria. After it does its job, our food is the consistency of a liquid or paste, and it’s ready to move to the small intestine for the next step of this complex process.

Liver – What does the liver do? The liver is the second largest organ in the body, and it has many different functions. But the main function of the liver in digestion is the production of bile and its release into the small intestine. The liver makes and secretes bile, which helps enzymes in the body break down fats into fatty acids. The liver also cleanses and purifies the blood that is coming from the small intestine.

After you absorb nutrients through your small intestine, it then enters the bloodstream. This blood is sent to the liver for filtering and detoxification. The liver has the amazing ability to break down and store amino acids, synthesize and metabolize fats and cholesterol, store glucose, detoxify the blood and regulate our internal functions. (4)

Gallbladder – The gallbladder is a small, pear-shaped organ that is used to store and recycle excess bile from the small intestine so it can be reused for the digestion of future meals. The gallbladder sits just under the liver and stores bile that is made in the liver, which then travels to the gallbladder through a channel called the cystic duct. The gallbladder stores bile between meals, and when we eat, the gallbladder squeezes bile through the bile ducts, which connect the gallbladder and liver to the small intestine.

Pancreas – The pancreas is a spongy, tube-shaped organ that is about six-inches long. It secretes digestive enzymes into the small intestine, and this completes the chemical digestion of foods. Pancreatic juice is capable of digesting lipids, carbohydrates (creating energy), proteins (creating amino acids for building) and nucleic acids. Insulin is one of the hormones made by the pancreas; insulin controls the amount of sugar in the blood. Both enzymes and hormones are needed to keep the body and digestive system working properly.

The pancreas connects to the liver and the gallbladder with the common bile duct. As pancreatic juices are made, they flow into the main pancreatic duct and then join the common duct, which allows the bile (which helps to digest fat) break down food before it reaches the small intestine.

Small Intestine – The small intestine is a long, thin tube about one inch in diameter and about 20-feet long. How does the small intestine function? When the chyme (our juices that are being digested) leaves the stomach, it enters the small intestine through the pyloric sphincter — a muscle that serves as a valve and prevents the regurgitation of food from the intestine back into the stomach.

What is digestion and absorption? The entire small intestine is coiled, and the inside surface is full of many folds and ridges; most of the digestion as well as the nutrient absorption occurs in the small intestine. It transforms from an acidic environment to an alkaline one, which means the acids are neutralized.

The small intestine is lined with very small protrusions that increase the surface area of the intestinal wall, which creates a larger absorption area. Each protrusion, called villi, is covered in smaller hair-like structures, which are called microvilli. Enzymes exist on the villi, helping further break down nutrients into a readily absorbable form. It is the job of the villi to help prevent leaky gut.

Leaky gut is when the bowel lining is damaged. This is caused by poor diet, parasites, infection or medications, and it allows substances — such as toxins, microbes, undigested food or waste — to leak through the small intestine. (5)

The folds in the small intestine are used to maximize the digestion of food and the absorption of nutrients. By the time food leaves the small intestine, around 90 percent of all nutrients have been extracted from the food that entered it. Once the nutrients have been absorbed, the liquid left over passes through the small intestine and goes to the large intestine, or colon.

Colon – The colon, or large intestine, is a long, thick tube that is about two-and-one-half inches in diameter and five-feet long; it wraps around the border of the small intestine. Colon or large intestine function is the final stage of the digestive process. Once the juices (that used to be your food) leave your small intestine, they enter your large intestine. At this point, most of the nutrient absorption has happened, but water, fat soluble vitamins and minerals can be absorbed in the colon as well.

The naturally present bacteria in your colon will continue to help with digestion; these gut bacteria are called flora. Flora breaks down waste and extracts small amounts of nutrients (whatever is left). The waste that is left over will exit the body from the colon by means of peristalsis (peristalsis definition: contractions that move the waste to the anal canal). At first the waste is in a liquid state, but as it moves through the colon, the water is removed and it becomes the solid form of stool.

The stool is mostly food debris and bacteria; the bacteria fuse vitamins, process waste and food particles and protect us against harmful bacteria. How long does it take to clean out your colon? It takes about 36 hours for stool to get through the colon, and when the colon becomes full, it empties its contents into the rectum, which begins the elimination process.
Western vs. Eastern Medicine — the Spleen in Traditional Chinese Medicine

In Western medicine, the spleen is recognized for its production and destruction of red blood cells and storage of blood. However, in traditional Chinese physiology, the spleen takes a lead role in the assimilation of nutrients and maintenance of physical strength. It turns digested food from the stomach into usable nutrients and qi, which is our life energy force.

In China, entire schools of medicine were formed around this organ because it’s believed that all aspects of life depend on the functioning of this essential organ, which allows the body to receive its needed nutrients.

In Eastern medicine, fatigue and anemia are often recognized as a breakdown in the spleen’s ability to transform food into blood and energy. If the spleen is weak, then the colon, uterus, rectum or stomach can sag or weaken. According to the ideas of Eastern medicine, exercise and a healthy diet can benefit the body only if the spleen is able to transmit nutrition and energy to the muscles, and a person with deficient spleen function will often experience weakness and fatigue.

In addition to its role in nutrition and blood production, the spleen is viewed as being responsible for the transformation of fluids, as it assists in water metabolism, helping the body rid itself of excess fluid and moistening the areas that need it, such as the joints. It separates usable and unusable fluids that we consume daily.

The spleen has the power to transform food and liquids into energy, which is then transported to our organs and enables the proper function of our entire body; this is why the spleen is seen as playing a central role in nourishing our bodies and promoting development.

Digestive system organs like the spleen and the stomach work together and ensure the others’ functions. Because the spleen is where the energy of food and fluid is transformed, it’s the most essential of the pair.

In Traditional Chinese Medicine, the spleen is considered essential for healing because it not only affects the body’s immunity but also the ability to maintain and heal itself. It’s also believed that the spleen influences our capacity for thinking, focusing, concentrating and memorizing.
Top 10 Healthy Tips to Improve Your Digestive System

The way we live and eat has a direct impact on our digestive system and how well it functions. By taking steps to improve your digestive health, your digestive system will function more efficiently, and this will improve your overall health.
1. Keep chewing

An easy tip that can have a huge impact on your digestive system is the simple act of chewing! Chewing is often underestimated, but it’s crucial for proper digestion. The more you break down food in your mouth, the less work has to be done later. Your brain also needs some time to receive the signal that you are full, so take your time and chew 20–30 times before swallowing. Allow your stomach to prepare for the food it’s about to receive.
2. Eat plenty of fiber

It is important that you eat enough fiber to keep your food moving through your intestines easily. There are two types of fiber – soluble and insoluble. Soluble fiber, like veggies and whole grains, draws in water and helps to prevent stool from being too watery. Insoluble fiber helps to add bulk to stool. By pairing fatty foods with fiber, your body will be able to break down the fatty foods (which are usually hard to digestive) easily. (6)
3. Drink water

Adding plenty of water to your diet will help digestion by dissolving fats and soluble fiber. This allows food to pass through your intestines more easily. This is a simple tip that will have a big impact; too little water will lead to a harder stool that is more difficult to pass through the colon. However to promote optimal digestive health, some people find they do better to drink water apart from meals.
4. Exercise

Moving your body – taking walks or jogs, lifting weights or doing yoga – keeps food moving through your digestive system. Exercise increases blood flow to your organs and engages muscles in the GI tract; this is important because the walls of your colon need to contract when passing waste, and exercise can tone those muscles.
5. Reduce stress

Feelings of stress or anxiety can mess with your digestive system because your brain and digestive system are connected. Stress can lead to digestive problems like irritable bowel syndrome and ulcers. To help control these digestive health issues, try stress-relieving exercises, getting more sleep or relaxation techniques like steady breathing or meditation and prayer. (7) What is good for digestion after eating? Staying relaxed after eating is extremely helpful to promoting optimal digestion of the food you just ate.

Digestive system tips

6. Eat warm foods

The spleen works best with the warmth and dislikes the cold, and our digestive enzymes require warmth to break down food properly. Too much cold food and drinks can impair our spleen function, so eating foods that are warm are easier to digest. Try incorporating soups, cooked vegetables or teas into your diet.
7. Quit smoking

Smoking can have a seriously negative impact on your digestive system because it weakens the valve at the end of the esophagus, and this leads to acid reflux and heartburn; it also increases the risk of gastrointestinal cancers.
8. Drink less alcohol

Ever notice how your digestion is a little off after a night of drinking? Alcohol interferes with acid secretion, stomach muscles and nutrient absorption, so be careful not to drink too much. Alcohol consumption also leads to heartburn, liver problems and diarrhea; it can wreak havoc on organ function and the success of your digestive system. (8)
9. Lose weight

Being even a few pounds over weight can cause digestive issues; for instance, the valve between the stomach and esophagus sometimes won’t close completely, which allows stomach acid back into the esophagus. By losing weight, you are easing pressure and allowing your digestive system to carry on properly.
10. Try probiotics

Besides fiber, one of the things missing from the Western diet is healthy doses of probiotics, which are beneficial bacteria that help the immune system. Probiotics compete for space with bad bacteria, promote the release of natural antibodies in the digestive tract and can even attack unhealthy bacteria directly in some cases. Research has found that probiotics can ease irritable bowel syndrome, prevent allergies and infections and even shorten the duration of the common cold. Cultured dairy is one of the best sources of probiotics; you can also try sourdough bread, pickled cabbage and fermented soybeans. (9) Digestive enzymes are another great daily supplement addition that can really boost digestive health.

No comments:

Leave a comment